|Image Source: IDEO web site|
Involve everyone in research.
Innovation begins with unbiased observation of the end user, watching their actions with the Zen practice of a beginner's mind: In the beginner's mind there are many possibilities, in the expert's mind there are few.
Too many organizations delegate observation and field research to a very small subset of individuals as opposed to engaging a wider cross-section of those who will actually be creating the improved or new product or service. Doing so increases the likelihood that the observations shared will be dismissed by those not involved in their collection: "Well that hasn't been my experience."
Identify stakeholders' core needs or wants and optimize your solutions to them.
After observing shoppers in action and talking with store owners and other stakeholders, IDEO's staffers share everything learned, covering the walls with ideas and insights. They then hone in on four core themes that the reinvented cart should address: safety, finding what you are looking for, theft, and getting through the checkout faster.
They break into four groups, one for each of the identified needs and again generate expansive ideas and possibilities before ultimately combining some of the best approaches from each of the groups into the final cart. This constant expansion and contraction of ideas, generating possibilities and then selecting ones on which to focus, ensures rigorous thinking limited to the most important needs or wants instead of broader shotgun efforts.
Fail often in order to succeed sooner.
This powerful IDEO mantra shared by most innovative organizations exemplifies the deep bias for action. Once the appropriate level of investigative research is completed, you should rapidly develop prototypes and involve end users in testing them. This field research yields more powerful learning than a committee continuing to study and perfect a lone pilot effort ever could. Similar in spirit is an approach known as the MVP, Minimally Viable Product. But as Seth Godin notes, the MVP may not be appropriate for all your efforts.
Be OK with organized chaos.
Innovation is neither tidy nor predictable, and you can't schedule your brilliant product insight to occur at exactly 3:30 p.m. on Tuesday. What you can do is ensure that all of your colleagues support a common process and principles that provide focus and self-organization to what could otherwise be misconstrued as chaotic. Those facilitating ideation sessions must restrain themselves from unnecessarily shackling the conversations and explorations to a predetermined structure. Instead they should remain present and intervene only when the group begins to lose focus or energy for a particular stage of the process.